Tuesday, September 20, 2011

LGBTQ Youth: Suicide and Depression

Youth who identify as LGBTQ (lesbian, gay, bisexual, trans, or queer) are at almost three times higher risk of suicidality compared to "heterosexual" youth. 

Let's say that another way: if your child (or one you know or care about) identifies as gay or is attracted to someone of the same sex, he or she is at much higher risk of depression and suicidal thoughts. It turns out that youth who identify as bisexual are at even higher risk.  Other behaviors and risks that run in LGBTQ youth (otherwise known as sexual minority youth or SMY) are: substance use, eating disorders, victimization (bullying) and interpersonal violence.

Although clinicians and folks who care for young people have known for some time that the suicide rates among LGBTQ youth are high, this recent study published in theAugust Journal of Adolescent Health  looked at 24 previously published studies of depression and suicide in young people to tease out some of this data.  They remind us that even in an age when LGBTQ/SMYouth are coming out at younger ages, the risks of doing so remain high.  If victimization gives rise to a feeling of hopelessness and if a child's environment is not a validating one, all sorts of behaviors from cutting to substance use and antisocial activities and school failure can be the result.

It doesn't have to be this way.

All youth should be screened at their "physicals" for their "mental" health as well.  That should include interviewing them about their sexuality.  For LGBTQ youth further queries about harassment, discrimination or lack of validation should be made and providers should be prepared to "provide appropriate care for  youth in need."

image from dosomething.org via google.com/images

4 comments:

  1. I do agree that youths should be screened for their physical and mental health because we will never know that you are one of those that are at-risk of suicide. It is okay that they are mentally fit but physically unfit because it is easier to improve rather than being physically fit but mentally unfit which is very hard to improve. It really doesn’t matter if we are strong or not because what matters is how we use our mental capabilities.

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  2. Depression is a very serious problem because it may lead to a lot of serious health problems. Experts believe that proper sleep, regular exercise, and a healthy diet would largely prevent depression.

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  3. I don't think it's really fair or intelligent to group all of these different types of people into one big suicide statistic. I think the increased chance of suicide is largely found in transgendered individuals with gender dysphoria, not just "LGBTQ" people in general.

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  4. Great post. Really enjoyed while reading. All credit goes to Author

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